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20世纪的雕塑艺术
20世纪的雕塑艺术
Sculpture Art in the 20th Century
20世纪是一个色彩缤纷的时代,各种思潮和流派不断产生并流行,并波及整个世界,如立体派、表现派、未来派、超现实主义、流行主义、抽象构成和照象写实等等,不管这些流派的形式和主张有何不同,他们都是决裂于传统艺术的新形式。
The 20th century is a colourful era. Various ideological trends and schools are constantly emerging and prevailing, and spread throughout the world, such as cubism, expressionism, futurism, surrealism, populism, abstract composition and image realism. No matter how different the forms and propositions of these schools are, they are all split from traditional arts. New forms of art.
20世纪雕塑的两大主流之一是康丁斯坦·布朗库西(1876~1957)。
One of the two mainstreams of sculpture in the 20th century was Kandinstein Broncussie (1876-1957).
布朗库西对现代雕塑的贡献是多方面的。他最重要的贡献是创始了一种具有普遍意义的象征物,这种象征物的雕塑形式简洁、强调形体的基本属性。由于现代生活的急剧变化和快节奏,以及杂乱无章的事物,人们要求在心理上接纳一种单纯的、简洁的艺术形式。另一种是立体派的雕塑,创立人是毕加索,但代表人物是乌克兰出生的亚历山大·阿基本科,他的作品特点是把坚实的平面与挖空的开放的体积对比形成一种独特的节奏和动感,并用凹陷的结构取代原本坚实的甚至凸出的结构使空间流动起来,并探索了正负空间的转换。立体派的代表还有蕾蒙、杜桑·维隆、昂利·洛郎斯、雅克·李普契兹。
Broncussie's contribution to modern sculpture is multifaceted. His most important contribution is the creation of a universal symbol, which is concise in form and emphasizes the basic attributes of form. Because of the rapid change and rhythm of modern life, as well as the disorder of things, people need to accept a simple and concise artistic form psychologically. The other is Cubist sculpture. The founder is Picasso, but the representative is Alexander Ajinko, born in Ukraine. His works are characterized by a unique rhythm and dynamic sense of contrast between solid plane and open volume, and by replacing the original solid or even protruding structure with a concave structure. Space flows and explores the transformation of positive and negative space. The Cubists are also represented by Raymond, Dusan Veron, Aung Lee Laurence and Jacques Lipschitz.
在立体派雕塑家创作的同时,意大利雕塑家们也创造了一种不同的风格--"未来派",恩墙托·波菊尼宣称:"绝对地和彻底地放弃有限的线条和封闭的雕塑。""让我们把人体打开,把环境关闭到人体里面去。"
While Cubist sculptors created, Italian sculptors also created a different style - "futurism". Enmeto Pozzini declared: "Absolutely and completely abandon the Limited lines and closed sculpture. Let's open the human body and close the environment to the human body. "

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