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铜鼎,古代炊器,多用青铜铸成
铜鼎,古代炊器,多用青铜铸成。相当于现代的锅,煮或盛鱼肉用。据传,黄帝最早铸造铜鼎 。汉许慎《说文解字》:“鼎,三足、两耳,和五味之宝器也。象析木以炊。”《玉篇》:“鼎,所以熟食器也”。一般鼎的形状多是体圆、腹大、两耳对立于口上,下有三足。大腹以容物,三足架空以燃火,两耳用以贯铉(又作扁,其状类木棍)便于抬举。传世大鼎有高三尺多的;最小有不逾四寸的。鼎的形制因时代而异。商代前期多圆腹尖足,也有柱足方鼎和扁足鼎。商代后期,圆腹柱足鼎占多数,同时分裆鼎增多,尖足鼎逐渐消失。西周后期,扁足鼎和方鼎基本消失,鼎足多呈蹄形。战国鼎多敛口,皆有盖,附耳,普通的鼎腹作西瓜形,足渐短小,盖上伏三犠,或作三环。秦汉鼎多敛口、硕腹、附耳、三短足、均有盖,盖上有三环。这时期未见有绝大的鼎,传世的大半约高一尺许。
The bronze tripod, the ancient cooker, is made of bronze. A modern pot, boiled or fish meat. It is rumored that the Yellow Emperor was the first to cast copper tripod. Han Xu Shen's Shuo Wen Jie Zi: "tripod, three feet, two ears, and five treasures". Like wood to cook. " "Jade article": "the tripod, so the cooked food is also". Generally, the shape of the tripod is mostly round, big, and two ears opposite to the mouth and three feet below. The abdomen is filled with three feet, and it is used to burn the fire. The two ears are used to pass through the Hyun (also flat and wooden sticks) to facilitate the lifting. The great tripod was more than three feet high, and the smallest one was not more than four inches. The shape of the tripod varies from time to time. In the early Shang Dynasty, there were many round feet and pointed feet. In the later period of Shang Dynasty, the majority of the tripod pillars were in the majority, while the tangle tripod increased. In the late Western Zhou Dynasty, the flat foot tripod and the square tripod basically disappeared and the feet were mostly hoofed. In the Warring States period, the mouth of the Warring States is mostly covered with ears, and the common belly is shaped like watermelon, and its feet are gradually short, covered with three or three rings. In the Qin and Han Dynasties, there were many mouth, big belly, ears, three short feet, all covered with three rings. During this period, there was no big tripod.
铜鼎是从陶制的三足鼎演变而来的,最初用来烹煮食物,后主要用于祭祀和宴享,是商周时期最重要的礼器之一。这件鼎为商代后期制品,至今器底仍保存有烟复。整体装饰繁杂、精细,圆润的鼎身配以圆涡纹、风鸟纹、蝉纹等纹样,造型和装饰协调自然,堪称商代铜鼎中的佳作。
The bronze tripod evolved from the three legged tripod of the pottery. It was originally used for cooking food and was used mainly for sacrificial offerings and banquets. It was one of the most important ceremonies in the Shang and Zhou dynasties. This tripod is a product of the late Shang Dynasty, and it still has smoke recovered from the bottom. The whole decoration is complex and fine. The round tripod with circular vortex lines, wind bird lines, cicada lines and other patterns, shape and decoration coordination nature, can be called the good works of the Shang Dynasty copper tripod

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